Monthly Archives: noviembre 2015

De Clerks a Corpora: ensayos sobre el idioma Inglés ayer y de hoy

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Shaw, P., B. Erman, et al. (2015). [e-Book] From Clerks to Corpora: essays on the English language yesterday and today, Stockholm University Press

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Why is the Isle of Dogs in the Thames called Isle of Dogs? Did King Canute’s men bring English usage back to Jutland? How can we find out where English speakers suck their breath in to give a short response? And what did the Brontës do about dialect and think about foreign languages?The answers are in this collection of empirical work on English past and present in honour of Nils-Lennart Johannesson, Professor of English Language at Stockholm University. The first five chapters report individual studies forming an overview of current issues in the study of Old and Middle English phonology, lexis and syntax. The next six look at Early Modern and Modern English from a historical point of view, using data from corpora, manuscript archives, and fiction. Two more look at the Old English scholar JRR Tolkien and his work. The remaining chapters discuss aspects of Modern English. Several use corpora to look at English usage in itself or in relation to Swedish, French, or Norwegian. The last three look at grammatical models, the pragmatics of second language use, and modern English semantics.

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Investigación sobre paralelismo semántico

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Fox J, J. (2014). [e-Book] Explorations in Semantic Parallelism, ANU Press, 2014

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This collection of eighteen papers explores issues in the study of semantic parallelism — a world-wide tradition in the composition of oral poetry. It is concerned with both comparative issues and the intensive study of a single living poetic tradition of composition in strict canonical parallelism. The papers in the volume were written at intervals from 1971 to 2014 — a period of over forty years. They are a summation of a career-long research effort that continues to take shape. The concluding essay reflects on possible directions for future research.

Dictionary of the British English Spelling System

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Brooks, G. (2015). [e-Book] Dictionary of the British English Spelling System, Open Book Publishers, 2015

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This book will tell all you need to know about British English spelling. It’s a reference work intended for anyone interested in the English language, especially those who teach it, whatever the age or mother tongue of their students. It will be particularly useful to those wishing to produce well-designed materials for teaching initial literacy via phonics, for teaching English as a foreign or second language, and for teacher training.English spelling is notoriously complicated and difficult to learn; it is correctly described as much less regular and predictable than any other alphabetic orthography. However, there is more regularity in the English spelling system than is generally appreciated. This book provides, for the first time, a thorough account of the whole complex system. It does so by describing how phonemes relate to graphemes and vice versa. It enables searches for particular words, so that one can easily find, not the meanings or pronunciations of words, but the other words with which those with unusual phoneme-grapheme/grapheme-phoneme correspondences keep company.Other unique features of this book include teacher-friendly lists of correspondences and various regularities not described by previous authorities, for example the strong tendency for the letter-name vowel phonemes (the names of the letters <a, e, i, o, u>) to be spelt with those single letters in non-final syllables.

Literatura y intermedialidad: ensayos sobre la lectura y la escritura

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Barbosa Justino, L. [e-Book] Literatura de multidão e intermidialidade: ensaios sobre ler e escrever o presente, EDUEPB., 2015

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Este livro perfaz dois movimentos, duas estratégias de leitura: a da intermidialidade e a da literatura de multidão. A fronteira entre elas é tênue e provisória. O que as separa é um filtro que tanto deixa passar quanto retém. É um livro de crítica, um exercício de experimentação crítica que propõe um olhar transversal sobre as obras, com a finalidade de compreendê-las por aquilo que nelas remete para as formas de vida, para os espaços de produção simbólica e de sua logística de circulação e consumo.

Le rapport au français de futurs enseignants du primaire de la PHBern dans leurs récits de formation et de mobilité.

Robin, J. (2015). [e-Book] Le rapport au français de futurs enseignants du primaire de la PHBern dans leurs récits de formation et de mobilité,  PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers, 2015.

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Jésabel Robin has been a lecturer in French for future primary-school teachers at the German-speaking Pädagogische Hochschule Bern (PH IVP) since 2007. She felt that most of her students were reluctant to their professional training in French, yet it is one of the subjects they are training to teach. Her research in language and culture pedagogy adopts social anthropological approaches with a view to study the attitude of the PH IVP students towards French. From mobility mapping to comprehensive interviews in self confrontation, she analyses diverse self-narratives and reveals a wide range of individual and collective representations of and about French. She also focuses on the pivotal effect of institutional experiences such as practical training in teaching French and mobility. These constraints trigger tensions between institutional thinking and individual experiences regarding French but also reveal gaps (so-called « interstices institutionnels ») within the institution itself. The author eventually suggests redesigning a few curricular aspects.

À travers ses expériences d’enseignante de français à la Haute École Pédagogique de Berne (PHBern), l’auteure constate que de nombreux étudiants, futurs enseignants du primaire, présentent des résistances à l’encontre de cette langue qu’ils vont pourtant devoir enseigner. S’inscrivant dans le champ de la didactique des langues et des cultures et adoptant une approche socio-anthropologique, la chercheuse s’intéresse aux raisons de ce rapport au français des étudiants en formation initiale. Grâce à l’analyse qualitative de leurs récits d’expériences, elle parvient à identifier un éventail de représentations du français et à en repérer les lieux-pivots. En outre, son analyse des stratégies individuelles et collectives élaborées par ces futurs enseignants pour tenter de gérer les tensions liées au caractère contraint de l’enseignement/apprentissage de la langue donne finalement à voir les « interstices institutionnels » qui permettent aux divers acteurs de l’institution de s’accommoder ou de contourner la situation. Les résultats de sa recherche l’incitent à souligner la nécessité de penser, voire de repenser, les articulations institutionnelles et à proposer des pistes didactiques.

Escritura Académica: Proceso y Producto.

Robinson, P.  [e-Book] Academic Writing: Process and Product. Londosn, British Council, 1988.

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The choice of Academic Writing as a theme was designed to counteract the perception that it was the ‘Cinderella of EAP’, and the Conference aimed to enable practitioners to benefit from recent research in the teaching of writing from outside ELT as well as within the field. The papers dealt individually with different aspects of academic writing and its teaching, including that of essay writing, project writing, scientific writing, writing for examinations, and article writing.

Manual de estilo de la Dirección de Contenidos Educativos – Área Editorial (Argentina)

Manual de estilo Dirección de Contenidos Educativos Área Editorial. [e-Book]  La Plata, Dirección General de Cultura y Educación de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, 2013.

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En el imaginario colectivo varias son las interpretaciones que se tienen acerca de la actividad del editor: responsable de la multiplicación industrial de obras, empresario inversor que apuesta a la publicación de libros (nexo entre autores y lectores), o bien, descubridor de nuevos talentos literarios. Estas asociaciones forman parte, más que nada, de la denominada edición literaria. (Castro y Piccolini, 2007) En cambio, la dgc y e ha publicado materiales que tienen carácter informativo, descriptivo y/o argumentativo, antes que otros de índole literaria. Por ello prima la edición técnica, “proceso que se realiza sobre originales no literarios y que tiene por objeto transformar un manuscrito en un material pensado y organizado para destinatarios específicos” (Ruiz y Fiori, 2008). Dicho proceso consiste en el desarrollo de instancias que comienzan con la redacción de un material escrito hasta la puesta en circulación pública. El editor debe trabajar sobre el material con la conciencia de que el texto es del autor o del equipo de autores (en este caso de la dgc y e), por lo cual no es ni será el libro que él hubiese escrito. Posicionado en este rol, debe evaluar, corregir y mejorar el original. La cuestión es fortalecer la estructura y la organización de las ideas; y aclarar las palabras del autor en caso que éstas se presenten confusas. La edición busca que el material esté sustentado en posiciones coherentes dentro de una estructura equilibrada y, a la vez, presta singular atención a que las afirmaciones políticas e ideológicas no sean contrapuestas con las líneas de gestión que la dgc y e implementa en la provincia de Buenos Aires. En ocasiones, por desconocimiento, los responsables de la escritura de textos identifican la edición con la corrección ortográfica o el diseño gráfico e ignoran estas cuestiones de mayor relevancia.