Archivos por Etiqueta: Léxico

Fuentes lexicográficas del estudio histórico del léxico hispanoamericano

Huisa Téllez, José Carlos, editor. Fuentes lexicográficas del estudio histórico del léxico hispanoamericano. Peter Lang International Academic Publishers, 2021

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La consulta de diccionarios o glosarios del pasado constituye una práctica usual en el estudio histórico del léxico hispanoamericano. Frente a esta situación, el objetivo de este volumen es plantear la necesidad de una evaluación profunda de estas fuentes, no solo desde una perspectiva lingüística y metalexicográfica, sino también tomando en cuenta elementos históricos y socioculturales. Siguiendo sus propias rutas científicas, diferentes especialistas de la historia del español y de la lexicografía hispanoamericana se concentran en esta tarea.

Léxico del derecho nórdico medieval

Jeffrey Love, Inger Larsson, Ulrika Djärv, Christine Peel, and Erik Simensen. A Lexicon of Medievl Nordic Law. Open, 2020

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This volume is an indispensable resource for scholars and students of medieval Scandinavia. This polyglot dictionary draws on the vast and vibrant range of vernacular legal terminology found in medieval Scandinavian texts – terminology which yields valuable insights into the quotidian realities of crime and retribution; the processes, application and execution of laws; and the cultural and societal concerns underlying the development and promulgation of such laws.

Legal texts constitute an unparalleled – and often untapped – source of information for those studying the literature, languages and history of medieval and Viking Age Scandinavia. The Lexicon is a welcome contribution to the study of medieval Scandinavia on two counts: firstly, it makes accessible a wealth of vernacular historical documents for an English-speaking audience. Secondly, it presents legal terminologies that span the languages and geographies of medieval Scandinavia, drawing on twenty-five legal texts composed in Old Swedish, Old Icelandic, Old Norwegian, Old Danish, Old Gutnish and Old Faroese. By collating and juxtaposing legal terms, the Lexicon thus offers its readers a fascinating, comprehensive window into the legal milieu of medieval Scandinavia as a unified whole.
It is in this respect that A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law differs from the other major lexica that came before it: where relevant, it gathers closely related terms from multiple Nordic languages beneath single headwords within single entries. This approach illuminates the differences (and similarities) in usage of specific lexical items and legal concepts across geographic areas and through time.

This dictionary contains over 6000 Nordic headwords, and is laid out as a standard reference work. It is easily navigable, with a clear structure to each entry, providing English equivalents; textual references; phrases in which headwords frequently appear; cross-references to aid readers in locating synonyms or cognate terms within the lexicon; and references to published works. Roughly one quarter of the headwords supply semantic analysis and detailed information on the textual and historical contexts within which a term might appear, which help the reader to engage with the broader legal concepts underlying specific terms. The Lexicon is thus designed to provide its readers not only with succinct single definitions of Norse legal terms, but with a sense of the wider Scandinavian legal landscape and worldview within which these concepts were developed.

Información-teórica de la inferencia causal del flujo léxico

 

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Dellert, J. (2019). [e-Book] Information-theoretic causal inference of lexical flow, Language Science Press, 2019.

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This volume seeks to infer large phylogenetic networks from phonetically encoded lexical data and contribute in this way to the historical study of language varieties. The technical step that enables progress in this case is the use of causal inference algorithms. Sample sets of words from language varieties are preprocessed into automatically inferred cognate sets, and then modeled as information-theoretic variables based on an intuitive measure of cognate overlap. Causal inference is then applied to these variables in order to determine the existence and direction of influence among the varieties. The directed arcs in the resulting graph structures can be interpreted as reflecting the existence and directionality of lexical flow, a unified model which subsumes inheritance and borrowing as the two main ways of transmission that shape the basic lexicon of languages.

Expandiendo el léxico. Innovación lingüística, productividad morfológica y ludicidad.

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Arndt-Lappe, S., A. Braun, et al. (2018). [e-Book]  Expanding the Lexicon. Linguistic Innovation, Morphological Productivity, and Ludicity. London, De Gruyter, 2018

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The creation of new lexical units and patterns has been studied in different research frameworks, focusing on either system-internal or system-external aspects, from which no comprehensive view has emerged. The volume aims to fill this gap by studying dynamic processes in the lexicon – understood in a wide sense as not being necessarily limited to the word level – by bringing together approaches directed to morphological productivity as well as approaches analyzing general types of lexical innovation and the role of discourse-related factors. The papers deal with ongoing changes as well as with historical processes of change in different languages and reflect on patterns and specific subtypes of lexical innovation as well as on their external conditions and the speakers’ motivations for innovating. Moreover, the diffusion and conventionalization of innovations will be addressed. In this way, the volume contributes to understanding the complex interplay of structural, cognitive and functional factors in the lexicon as a highly dynamic domain.

Grammarly Spell Checker & Grammar: extensión de chrome para corrección de textos en otros idionmas

Grammarly Spell Checker & Grammar

Grammarly Spell Checker & Grammar es una extensión del navegador Chrome que permite revisar la ortografía y la gramática en línea de cualquier comunicación escrita. Spell Checker ayuda a escribir con claridad y confianza en Gmail, Facebook, Twitter, Linkedin, Tumblr, y casi en cualquier otro lugar de la Web sin errores. Para ello explora el texto a través de más de 250 reglas gramaticales avanzadas, desde la concordancia entre sujeto y verbo, colocaciones, sugerencias para mejorar el vocabulario, etc.  La herramienta se integra en cualquier página web para ayudarnos en el desarrollo de una escritura sin errores.  Existen una versión básica y otra premiun, por lo que para usar la herramienta te deberás registrar previamente