Archivos por Etiqueta: Lingüística

Dinámicas lingüísticas de las situaciones de contacto.

Palacios, Azucena, y María Sanchez Paraíso, eds. Dinámicas lingüísticas de las situaciones de contacto. De Gruyter, 2021

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El volumen ofrece análisis en profundidad de situaciones de contacto entre el español y otras lenguas, mostrando cómo la variación y el cambio lingüístico forman parte de la compleja dinámica lingüística que caracteriza a las áreas de contacto. Dirigido a expertos en lingüística de contacto, reúne marcos teóricos así como estudios de caso sobre estos procesos, tanto en perspectiva diacrónica como sincrónica.

Dinámicas Lingüísticas de Las Situaciones de Contacto.

Palacios, Azucena, y María Sánchez Paraíso, eds. Dinámicas Lingüísticas de Las Situaciones de Contacto. De Gruyter, 2021.

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El volumen ofrece análisis en profundidad de situaciones de contacto entre el español y otras lenguas, mostrando cómo la variación y el cambio lingüístico forman parte de la compleja dinámica lingüística que caracteriza a las áreas de contacto. Dirigido a expertos en lingüística de contacto, reúne marcos teóricos así como estudios de caso sobre estos procesos, tanto en perspectiva diacrónica como sincrónica.

Construcciones lingüísticas en uso

Auf der Strasse, A., Constructions in Use [en línea]. S.l.: De Gruyter, 2021

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Semantics is one of the core disciplines of philosophy of language. There are basically two strands of established theories: use-based and truth-conditional, with the latter being the dominant variety. This dominance has been questioned recently by linguists who embrace a research paradigm that is known as construction grammar. As construction grammar is use-based, it seems natural to suppose that its success is indirect support for use-based semantics in philosophy. This is true. But there’s still a lot to do. Although there are use-based theories that fit quite well with current research in linguistics, they are far from being perfect. In particular, the most popular theory in that area is still tied to some of the main motivations behind truth-conditional semantics. ‘Constructions in Use’ offers an alternative by proposing to let this legacy go. Instead, it argues that philosophical semantics is best off if it goes for an entirely use-based theory. This series explores issues of mental representation, linguistic structure and representation, and their interplay. The research presented in this series is grounded in the idea explored in the Collaborative Research Center ‘The structure of representations in language, cognition and science’ (SFB 991) that there is a universal format for the representation of linguistic and cognitive concepts.

Modelado cognitivo computacional y teoría lingüística.

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Brasoveanu, A. and J. Dotlačil. [e-Book] Computational Cognitive Modeling and Linguistic Theory. Springer, 2020

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This open access book introduces a general framework that allows natural language researchers to enhance existing competence theories with fully specified performance and processing components. Gradually developing increasingly complex and cognitively realistic competence-performance models, it provides running code for these models and shows how to fit them to real-time experimental data. This computational cognitive modeling approach opens up exciting new directions for research in formal semantics, and linguistics more generally, and offers new ways of (re)connecting semantics and the broader field of cognitive science. The approach of this book is novel in more ways than one. Assuming the mental architecture and procedural modalities of Anderson’s ACT-R framework, it presents fine-grained computational models of human language processing tasks which make detailed quantitative predictions that can be checked against the results of self-paced reading and other psycho-linguistic experiments. All models are presented as computer programs that readers can run on their own computer and on inputs of their choice, thereby learning to design, program and run their own models. But even for readers who won’t do all that, the book will show how such detailed, quantitatively predicting modeling of linguistic processes is possible. A methodological breakthrough and a must for anyone concerned about the future of linguistics! (Hans Kamp) This book constitutes a major step forward in linguistics and psycholinguistics. It constitutes a unique synthesis of several different research traditions: computational models of psycholinguistic processes, and formal models of semantics and discourse processing. The work also introduces a sophisticated python-based software environment for modeling linguistic processes. This book has the potential to revolutionize not only formal models of linguistics, but also models of language processing more generally. (Shravan Vasishth)

El español, ¿desde las variedades a la lengua pluricéntrica?

 

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Lebsanft, F., W. Mihatsch, et al. (2012). [e-Book] El español, ¿desde las variedades a la lengua pluricéntrica?, Iberoamericana Vervuert.

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Aunque la palabra pluri- o policentrismo aún no figura en el Diccionario de la Real Academia Española, el concepto ya está integrado en la política lingüística panhispánica de las instituciones académicas. Según la RAE, “se consideran plenamente legítimos los diferentes usos de las regiones lingüísticas, con la única condición de que estén generalizados entre los hablantes cultos de su área y no supongan una ruptura del sistema en su conjunto”. Sin embargo, a la hora de valorar en este sentido la variación lingüística del español, se termina el consenso y se abre la discusión. Este volumen ofrece un panorama amplio de las diferentes posiciones para saber qué se entiende exactamente por “pluricentrismo” en la teoría lingüística y hasta qué punto las normas ejemplares del español se elaboran y se modernizan sobre la base de este concepto.

Lingüística combinatoria

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Bozsahin, C. (2012). [e-Book] Combinatory Linguistics. Berlín, De Gruyter, 2012

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The book examines to what extent the mediating relation between constituents and their semantics can arise from combinatory knowledge of words. It traces the roots of Combinatory Categorial Grammar, and uses the theory to promote a Humean question in linguistics and cognitive science: Why do we see limited constituency and dependency in natural languages, despite their diversity and potential infinity? A potential answer is that constituents and dependencies might have arisen from a single resource: adjacency. The combinatory formulation of adjacency constrains possible grammars.

Forma y formalismo en lingüística.

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McElvenny, J.  [e-Book] Form and formalism in linguistics. Berlín, Alemania, Knowledge Unlatched, Language Science Press, 2019

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«Form» and «formalism» are a pair of highly productive and polysemous terms that occupy a central place in much linguistic scholarship. Diverse notions of «form» – embedded in biological, cognitive and aesthetic discourses – have been employed in accounts of language structure and relationship, while «formalism» harbours a family of senses referring to particular approaches to the study of language as well as representations of linguistic phenomena. This volume brings together a series of contributions from historians of science and philosophers of language that explore some of the key meanings and uses that these multifaceted terms and their derivatives have found in linguistics, and what these reveal about the mindset, temperament and daily practice of linguists, from the nineteenth century up to the present day.

Composicionalidad y Conceptos en Lingüística y Psicología

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James, A. H. and W. Yoad  [e-Book]  Compositionality and Concepts in Linguistics and Psychology, Springer, 2017

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By highlighting relations between experimental and theoretical work, this volume explores new ways of addressing one of the central challenges in the study of language and cognition. The articles bring together work by leading scholars and younger researchers in psychology, linguistics and philosophy. An introductory chapter lays out the background on concept composition, a problem that is stimulating much new research in cognitive science. Researchers in this interdisciplinary domain aim to explain how meanings of complex expressions are derived from simple lexical concepts and to show how these meanings connect to concept representations. Traditionally, much of the work on concept composition has been carried out within separate disciplines, where cognitive psychologists have concentrated on concept representations, and linguists and philosophers have focused on the meaning and use of logical operators. This volume demonstrates an important change in this situation, where convergence points between these three disciplines in cognitive science are emerging and are leading to new findings and theoretical insights.

Adjective Adverb Interfaces in Romance

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Martin, H. and V. Salvador (2017). [e-Book]  Adjective Adverb Interfaces in Romance. Amsterdam John Benjamins Publishing Company Texto completo: http://www.jbe-platform.com/content/books/9789027264879

 

Within the current discussion on grammatical interfaces, the word-classes of adjective and adverb are of particular interest because they appear to be separated or joined in manifold ways at the level of word-class or syntax, with morphology playing a prominent role, especially in Romance. The volume provides typological and theoretical insights into the common or different usage of adjectives and adverbs in Romance. Diachronic change is discussed alongside with synchronic variation and the representation in grammar. The discussion turns out to be controversial, calling into question traditional assumptions such as the dogma of the invariability and the categorial status of the adverb.

Métodos en Lingüística Contemporánea

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Ender, A., A. Leemann, et al. (2012). [e-Book]  Methods in Contemporary Linguistics, De Gruyter, 2012.

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The present volume is a broad overview of methods and methodologies in linguistics, illustrated with examples from concrete research. It collects insights gained from a broad range of linguistic sub-disciplines, ranging from core disciplines to topics in cross-linguistic and language-internal diversity or to contributions towards language, space and society. Given its critical and innovative nature, the volume is a valuable source for students and researchers of a broad range of linguistic interests.